COMPETITIVE TASK № 4.
VALLEY OF THE MATSESTA RIVER


Downloads for participants:

COMPETITIVE TERRITORY 1:4000 (31Mb)

Scheme of land cadastres 1:4000 (4.4Mb)

Background of the territory 1:4000 (27Mb)

COMPETITIVE TASK № 4. DESCRIPTION (5.2Mb)


I. The object of Competition

Four fragments of the territory in the valley of the Matsesta River, three of which are offered for Competition (at the choice of the contestants). The initial data in Appendices 4.1, 4.2, 4.3.

II. General information

Matsesta— river 18 km long in the Khosta district of the city of Sochi in the Krasnodar region of Russia, flows into the Black Sea (Fig. 1, 2.). The area of the pool is 67.5 km². Matsesta originates on the southern slopes of the Alek ridge at an altitude of about 900 meters above sea level. The highest point of the river basin is 1003 meters above sea level. The Matsesta River has many tributaries, but the largest of them are the right ones: Tsanyk and Zmeyka. In the river (in the upper course) there is fish (Fig. 3). The river is not navigable.

1. The estuary of the Matsesta River from the side of the sea and from the valley side
2. The estuary of the Matsesta River from the side of the sea and from the valley side

 

Matsesta — it is primarily a deposit of hydrogen sulfide springs that come to the surface also in the valleys of the neighboring rivers Agura and Khosta. The main therapeutic factor of Matsesta is hydrogen sulphide.

3. Waterfalls in the upper reaches of the river Matsesta
4. The Matsesta Cave

The nature monument – the Matsesta caves (Fig. 4) – is a unique hydrothermological natural formation, formed as a result of exposure to hot underground waters. The caves conceal a source of mineral water inside. Near the cave there is a small pool in which water flows with a small concentration of hydrogen sulphide. (Fig. 5, 6).

5. Sculptural composition of the fountain near the Matsesta caves
6. Sculptural composition of the fountain near the Matsesta caves
7. Research Institute of balneology and physiotherapy today

The study and implementation of recovery methods through balneological procedures on the basis of Sochi deposits of the Matsesta and other mineral waters was carried out by scientists in the Sochi Scientific Research Institute of Balneology and Physiotherapy. The complex of buildings of the Institute was built in 1928-1929 years, the project of A.V. Shchusev. (Fig. 7.).

 

Matsesta Balneological Resort Complex and its attractions

Matsesta is an ideal resort, due to the unique combination of the subtropical climate, the abundance of sun, warm sea, lush southern vegetation surrounded by mountains and sources of hydrogen sulfide waters.  The largest therapeutic balneological Matsestinsky resort complex of Russia operates in the Matsesta Valley.  In the twentieth century, about 212 million procedures were performed on Matsesta.

 

New Matsesta District

8. Sculptural composition “Matsesta”

The sculpture “Matsesta” is a symbol of Sochi. Sculptor I. Guslev and architect E.A. Serdyukov embodied the Circassian (Adyg) legend in a sculptural composition. From the resort prospectus to the composition of the stairs. Cascade fountain, symbolizes the waters of Matsesta. (Fig. 8.).

9. Housing bathrooms buildings early XX century

At the entrance to the Matsesta Valley from the Kurortny Prospekt (the place called New Matsesta) are the buildings of the bathrooms of the beginning of the twentieth century, architect V.A. Ion. (Fig. 9). In the historical building № 2 now there are Aquarium, dentistry, car washing, hardware store, driving school and fitness club.

The country house building is included in the Register of Architectural Monuments of Regional Importance of XX century. Radius (from the boundaries of the monument) of temporary protection zones for a cultural heritage site of regional significance is 100 m.

10. The building of the bathroom building № 9. 1980s., XX century and now
11. The building of the bathroom building № 9. 1980s., XX century and now

In 1980, building № 9 (Bath Building № 7) was opened up, but because of the catastrophic flood of 1991, it was seriously damaged and mothballed due to the lack of sufficient funds for restoration. At present it is a ruined object. (Fig. 10, 11).

12. Pumping station

Another ruined building nearby is a pumping station, architect I.V. Zholtovsky, is an object of cultural heritage. (Fig. 12). Radius (from the boundaries of the monument) of temporary protection zones for a cultural heritage site of regional significance is 100 m.

 

Average Matsesta

In 3 km from the sea on the western slope to the river there is a residential micro-district of Middle Matsesta, with 5 and 12-storeyed typical building of the 1970s of the XX century. (Fig. 23, 24).

Above the slope are the lands of sanatoriums and the Matsestinsky forest park with the popular country rest spot “Glade of the Gnomes”.

 

Sanatorium “Matsestinskaya Dolina”

13. The main building
of the sanatorium “Matsestinskaya Dolina”

The sanatorium for 200 people in the Matsesta Valley was built in 1953 according to the project of architect B.V. Yefimovich. Currently not working. (Fig. 13).

The country house building is included in the Register of Architectural Monuments of Regional Importance of XX century. Radius (from the boundaries of the monument) of temporary protection zones for a cultural heritage site of regional significance is 100 m.

 

Pension «Green Grove and the country house I.V. Stalin»

14. The Museum “Country house I.V. Stalin in Sochi»

On the territory of the boarding house “Green Grove” I.V. Stalin spent 3-4 months a year. The building was built according to the project of architect M.I. Merzhanov. Now the country house was turned into a museum, but it has little changed here since a Stalin era. (Fig. 14).

15. The beginning of the staircase

In September 1935, a stone staircase hidden in the woods was built from the main entrance to the beach. There are 870 steps leading to the tunnel under the road and railway track. (Fig. 15).

 

Matsesta Forest Park

16. Wooden sculptures on the glade of gnomes
17. Wooden sculptures on the glade of gnomes
18. Wooden sculptures on the glade of gnomes

“Glade of gnomes” in the Matsestinsky forest park is a popular place for a country family holiday for many generations of Sochi residents. (Fig. 16-18).

Old Matsesta

19. Bathroom building № 4. Built in 1940
19-1. Bathroom building №4. Plan

At 3 km from the sea is the area of Old Matsesta, the center of which is the bathroom building № 4 (architect A. Golubev), which consists of 2 classical volumes, semi-rings covering the adjoining parterre from the side of Chaltenham Avenue and the landscape part of the park from the back of the building . They are united by the colonnade of the central portico.

Photographs of this complex are decorated with Sochi travel guides and postcards. Guests of the resort photograph it for memory. (Fig. 19).

The building had included in the Register of Architectural Monuments of Regional Importance of XX century. Radius (from the boundaries of the monument) of temporary protection zones for a cultural heritage site of regional significance is 100 m.

 

20. One of the first bathrooms building,
the beginning of the twentieth century

The building of the bathroom was built on the site of the source of hydrogen sulfide water, because of its diversity and high concentration, the source has no analogues in the world. (Fig. 20).

 

 

Rural settlements in the Matsesta Valley

21. The valley of the Matsesta River in the village of Krayevsko-Armianskoe

Above the river, beyond the area of Staraya Matsesta there are rural settlements Krayevsko-Armianskoe, Verkhovskoye, Izmailovka, Semenovka and summer cottages with low-rise buildings. (Fig. 21).

 

Transport links

22. Alley of Chaltenham in autumn

Along the whole valley from Kurortny Prospekt to Old Matsesta there is a transport street with the name of the Alley of Cheltenham (in honor of the twin-city in England), which crosses several times the bridges of the winding river Matsesta. The avenue, especially picturesque in autumn, when the leaves of the Liquidambar are painted in juicy colors. (Fig. 22).

23. Transport racks over the Matsesta Valley
24. Transport racks over the Matsesta Valley

Over the valley in the area of Middle Matsesta built pass viaducts of the bypass road, and the duplicate of Kurortny Prospekt, according to the Olympic construction program. (Fig. 23, 24).

24. The Matsesta viaduct
25. The Matsesta viaduct

Architectural monument – Matsestinsky viaduct is a five-span bridge of arch construction under the project of architects V.A. Shchuko and V.G. Gelfreich. (Fig. 24, 25).

27. Railway station “New Matsesta”

A branch of the railway was laid along the Matsesta Valley. Her fragments have survived to this day. (Fig. 26). The railway station of New Matsesta (Fig. 27) was standing on the passenger platform, where are now stopping commuter trains Sochi-Krasnaya Polyana (“Swallow”).

28. Marin station “Matsesta” view towards the sea and view from the pier
29. Marin station “Matsesta” view towards the sea and view from the pier

Rotunda with a diameter of 15 meters in neoclassicism style – Marine station “Matsesta” – one of the business cards of Sochi (Fig. 28, 29). Until the 1980s of the twentieth century was an important point in the transport links of the resort. Nowadays the berth of the port point has been restored; the pavilion has been restored and again occupies an important place, providing coastal sea traffic along the coast of the city of Sochi (105 km).

The building is included in the Register of Architectural Monuments of Regional Importance of XX century. Radius (from the boundaries of the monument) of temporary protection zones for a cultural heritage site of regional significance is 100 m.

 

Tourism and rest.

 

Through the Matsesta Valley, tourist routes lead to natural attractions, located both in the basin of Matsesta, and in neighboring valleys (Eagle Rocks, Agura Waterfalls).

 

Natural sights of the Matsesta River basin.

30. Waterfalls on the River Zmeyka
31. Waterfalls on the River Zmeyka
32. Waterfalls in the upper reaches of the Matsesta River for the village Semyonovka

Up the Matsesta River and its tributaries are many rapids and beautiful waterfalls. (Fig. 30-32).

 

Historical finds

33. Archaeologists at the site of the discovery of the remains of the trading yard on Matsesta

According to archaeological findings, not far from the mouth of Matsesta, artifacts were found between the beach and the slope of the railway, confirming the existence on the shore of the Sochi coast of a trading yard dated approximately VIII-X centuries.

 

Ecology, objects of negative impact on the environment

 

Floods

The valley of the Matsesta River is in the area of risk of tornadoes and catastrophic floods.

In 1947 – 1949, The Matsesta River received concrete shores from the mouth to Novaya Matsesta. In 1956, a clutch was made to the new Matsesta, 22 meters wide, the river is now regulated at a distance of ___ km from the mouth. (Fig. 34, 35).

In 1978, 1988, 1991 was severe flooding, which caused the destruction of building № 9. Dangerous rose river in 2013 and 25 Jun 2015, during a protracted catastrophic rainstorm.

 

Ecology, objects of negative impact on the environment

36. Traction substation № 415 of JSC “RZD” in New Matsesta

At the entrance to the Matsesta Valley near the Matsesta viaduct, a large area is occupied by Substation No. 415 of the Tuapse Railroad. Near the substation, the fair of agricultural products. These objects are clearly visible from the Matsesta viaduct and the surrounding hills.

 

III. The subject of the Competition “Concept. The valley of the Matsesta river – “The path along the water – the way to the future of Sochi”

The concept should take into account the existing town-planning situation of the territory chosen for Competition, including sights, landscaped areas, transport network, problem areas and planning restrictions. Participants must offer solutions for 3 out of 4 suggested planning fragments of the contest area and simulate 2-3 survey points reflecting the nature of the interaction of the proposed spatial solution with the environment.

On the example of the territory chosen for contest design should be disclosed, principles and approaches to the formation of a public space in the river valley, a typology of embankments for different functional areas of the contest area, technologies and means for providing longitudinal and transverse links, conditions for creating an environmentally friendly.

 

IV. Competition Objectives

Overview of innovations reflecting promising trends in the organization and typology of public spaces associated with water arteries, developing “The Way along the Water as a Direction to the Image of the Future of Sochi”.

The choice for further design and implementation of innovative proposals that best meet the environmental and social criteria for the quality of residential and recreational environment of the resort city of Sochi, in accordance with the motto of the educational program of the World Festival of Youth and Students: “The sea of ​​friends, mountains of ideas, rivers of people.”

Taking into account the town-planning conditions of the river valley formed in its water protection zone (residential development, recreational zone, transport corridor, etc.), offer options for typological solutions:

  • on the architectural and planning organization of the pedestrian embankment (a coastal strip of at least 20 m width), providing a convenient and safe (in view of flood protection) communication of the piedmont settlements with the sea.
  • on the architectural and planning organization of town-planning units on the adjacent to the quay cross-links with residential quarters located on the slopes
  • on the functional filling of the system of public spaces intended for different types of social activity
  • on the organization of transport services for the system of public spaces of the valley (all types of transport, including alternative – rail, vertical, rope, etc.)

 

Important for the contestants !!!

  • Do not forget that Sochi is a historical settlement and a health resort, as well as a zone of subtropical farming, in which the scale of urbanization is limited by the conditions of protection of recreational resources, natural and cultural heritage, preservation of conditions for traditional occupations of the rural population (gardening, livestock …);
  • to consider the decisions of the Sochi General Plan for the transport scheme for the development of the resort city. It is necessary to offer priority conditions for pedestrian traffic and alternative modes of transport in front of an individual car and the public transport that exists today.
  • pay attention to the engineering protection of the territory from the risk of flooding, improvement of the coastal strip of public use (at least 20 m wide) and the formation of a promenade, the extension of green areas, the organization of accessibility of places of interest,
  • to propose an innovative program for the functional use of plots and improvement of the landscape-aesthetic quality of sub-tectacic spaces in the area of ​​the middle Matsesta or transport and communal facilities in the area of ​​the seaside and entrance area in the Matsesta Valley.

Suggest ideas for functional use, architectural planning and space-spatial solutions for the territories of the 1st stage of implementation: (choose 3 of the proposed 4 x fragments):

  1. Primorskaya area in the river mouth area, at the intersection of river and sea embankments – using under trestle spaces of transport highways, an approximate area of ​​12-15 hectares, combined with the function of a transport and transfer junction (road, railway, port)
  2. The entrance area of ​​the Matsesta Valley, an approximate area of ​​33-35 hectares, taking into account the restoration of cultural heritage sites (buildings of bathrooms in the beginning of the nineteenth century, and the renovation of the ruined corps of the twentieth century.
  3. The festival forest park and the “Fire Water” park, with an approximate area of ​​70 hectares, with the “Alley of Peace” 300-350 m in length in honor of the XIX World Festival of Youth and Students to accommodate green spaces (150 large trees), urban navigation facilities, commemorative stele And other park equipment.
  4. The section of the embankment of the village Krasnoyarsk-Armianskoe with an adjacent central or entrance public space, an approximate area of ​​6-7 hectares, of 30 hectares recommended for consideration.

 

VI. Expected results of the Competition.

As a result of the implementation of Competition projects, recreational zones and areas of social activity (living sites) should appear, the spaces of which will stimulate local communities to interact, encourage citizens and visitors of different ages and interests to communicate and various types of active activities (physical, intellectual, social etc.).