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COMPETITIVE TERRITORY 1:4000 (34Mb)
Scheme of land cadastres 1:4000 (2.3Mb)
I. The object of Competition design
Four fragments of the territory in the valley of the Zapadniy Dagomys River, three of which are offered for Competition (at the choice of the contestants). The initial data in Appendices 2.1, 2.2, 2.3.
II. General information
Zapadniy Dagomys – the river basin of the Black Sea, the right tributary of the Dagomys River (Fig. 1). The source of the river is in the mountains of Lazarevsky region at an altitude of 725 m above sea level. The mouth is in the village of Dagomys in the place of its confluence with the Vostochniy Dagomys River.
Mount Uspenka dominates in the silhouette of Dagomys from the sea and divides the drainage basins of the rivers Zapadniy and Vostochniy Dagomys. (Fig. 2). The length of the Zapadniy Dagomys River is 21 km; the catchment area is 48 km2. The total fall of the river is about 720 meters; the slope is 34 m / km.
The main tributaries.
Two main tributaries flow into the Zapadniy Dagomys River. Both are right. This is the river Hlubokaya Balka and Persianka, which flows into the southern outskirts of the Third Rota.
Along the banks of the Zapadniy Dagomys River, the mountain slopes are covered with broad-leaved beech and a mixed broad-leaved forest (oak, beech, hornbeam, boxwood and others).
The Zapadniy Dagomys River basically has a mixed feeding pattern with a predominance of rainfall. Floods are frequent and short. After the village of Volkovka, the width of the river is 10 meters, the depth is 0.2 meters, and the bottom is solid. The average flow velocity is 1.9 m/sec.
Settlements and buildings.
Within the city, the Zapadniy Dagomys River flows along the residential microdistrict along the street Armavirskaya (Figure 5). In the mouth zone, the bank of the river is built up with boat hangars (Figure 6).
The seashore adjoins the lands of sanatorium, boarding houses, hotels. The largest is the hotel complex “Dagomys”. (Figure 7). On the banks of the Zapadniy Dagomys River in the middle and upper reaches are located settlement Volkovka (Figure 8-10), Altmets, and Third Rota.
In the lower reaches of the Zapadniy Dagomys River, a bridge was built connecting the sections of the M-27 Dzhubga-Tuapse-Sochi-Adler highway. In the lower and middle reaches along the river there is a street Armavirskaya and Solokh-Aulskoye highway connecting the settlements.
Along the sea shore, cutting off the beach area from the settlement territory, there is a railway crossing the bridge of the river Dagomys in the mouth area. (Figure 3, 11.). In the territory of the beach, according to the Olympic program, a berth for the organization of a coastal passenger service along the city of Sochi has been built (Fig. 4.).
Tourism and rest.
The hotel complex Dagomys, in the past “Intourist”, is located 12 km from the center of Sochi, actively forms the silhouette of the settlement Dagomys from the sea and from the surrounding mountains (Fig. 7). The complex consists of a main 27-storey building, with a capacity of 1003 rooms, as well as VIP-building “Mercury” with a capacity of 12 rooms. The infrastructure of the complex includes: a cinema-concert hall for 1000 seats, six small meeting rooms from 40 to 100 seats, open and closed exhibition areas.
More popular rest is beach rest (Figures 4 and 12), but the surroundings of Dagomys can offer many places of interest for travelers along the Zapadniy Dagomys River.
On Solokh-aul highway, which leads to the settlement of Solokh-Aul, pass the routes of the “conquerors of the mountains” – to Fisht and the Lagonaki plateau, and also back – from Khadzhokha, Guzheriply, and Fishta. Pilgrims go to the monastery of the Holy Cross Deserts. In the valley of Shah there is a tract “Three oaks”, where there are more than a dozen ancient dolmens.
Monument of archeology – Volkovsky dolmen.
Dolmen is located in the village Volkovka, on the left bank of the Zapadniy Dagomys River at the beginning of the village. Refers to the tile type. The facade slab is broken off on the hole. The dolmen does not stand on a common heel plate, but on specially framed small processed stones-bricks.
The nature monument “Koryta”
The riverbed of the Western Dagomys passes between the mountain slopes, composed of layered sedimentary rocks. “Dagomys Koryta” is located in the middle reaches of the Zapadniy Dagomys River, 9 km from the village of Dagomys. The layers of different strength, different in composition, are washed away by water, forming along the channel of Zapadniy Dagomys numerous ledges, hollows, crests and natural baths. Here these small ponds and began to call troughs. Water, falling from the ledges, poured from one pool to another. This forms a natural cascade of mini-waterfalls. (Fig. 14, 15).
This is one of the most beloved places of the townspeople with a beautiful landscape – overgrown with soft moss rocks, shriveled boxwood, Pontic rhododendron, centuries-old oaks, beeches, chestnuts. Many plants growing here are listed in the Red Book.
The nature monument “Canyon”
Not far from the natural monument “Koryta” is a natural monument “Canyon”, with a view of which offers a beautiful view of the river Zapadniy Dagomys and the canyon itself. The depth of this canyon is about 20 meters. (Fig. 16).
Near the uninhabited village of Second Rota on the Zapadniy Dagomys River, the waterfall is 4 meters high.
The width is 5 meters, the depth is 0.3 meters, and the bottom is rocky.
Between the Third Rota and Altmec there is a waterfall 2 meters high, below which the river width is 8 meters, the depth is 0.5 meters, the bottom ground is solid.
Chapel Surb Narek
Tea plantations “Dagomys tea”
If you go upstream, you can see tea plantations. (Fig. 19). Tea plantations were planted in 1901, in these parts near the village Solokh-Aul, and Russian tea was born, and here for the first time were planted tea bushes. “Dagomys tea” is the most northern tea.
Objects of negative impact on the environment
Dagomys quarry was formed in 2009 in order to meet the needs of the Olympic construction. The main activity is “Extraction of gravel, sand and clay”, the period of activity is until 2033. The area of the Dagomyssky quarry is _____ sq.m. (Fig. 20, 21).
The Dagomys valley was flooded more than once. The most destructive was during a prolonged catastrophic downpour on June 25, 2015.
III. The subject of the Competition “Concept. The valley of the Zapadniy Dagomys river – “The path along the water – the way to the future of Sochi”
The concept should take into account the existing town-planning situation of the territory chosen for Competition, including sights, landscaped areas, transport network, problem areas and planning restrictions. Participants must offer solutions for 3 out of 4 suggested planning fragments of the competitive area and simulate 2-3 survey points reflecting the nature of the interaction of the proposed spatial solution with the environment.
On the example of the territory chosen for competitive design, principles and approaches to the formation of a public space in the river valley should be disclosed, a typology of embankments for different functional areas of the competitive area, technologies and means for providing longitudinal and transverse links, conditions for creating an environmentally friendly.
IV. Competition Objectives
Overview of innovations reflecting promising trends in the organization and typology of public spaces associated with water arteries, developing “The Way along the Water as a Direction to the Image of the Future of Sochi”.
The choice for further design and implementation of innovative proposals that best meet the environmental and social criteria for the quality of residential and recreational environment of the resort city of Sochi, in accordance with the motto of the educational program of the World Festival of Youth and Students: “The sea of friends, mountains of ideas, rivers of people.”
V. Tasks of the Competition
Taking into account the town-planning conditions of the river valley formed in its water protection zone (residential development, recreational zone, transport corridor, etc.), offer options for typological solutions:
- on the architectural and planning organization of the pedestrian embankment (a coastal strip of at least 20 m width), providing a convenient and safe (in view of flood protection) communication of the piedmont settlements with the sea.
- on the architectural and planning organization of town-planning units on the abutment to the embankment of cross-links with residential quarters located on the slopes.
- on the functional filling of the system of public spaces intended for different types of social activity.
- on the organization of transport services for the system of public spaces in the valley (all types of transport, including alternative – rail, vertical, cable, etc.).
It is important for contestants!!!
To pay attention to the engineering protection of the territory from the risk of flooding, the improvement of the coastal strip of public use (at least 20 m wide) and the formation of a promenade, the extension of green spaces, the organization of accessibility of landmarks, to offer an innovative program for the functional use of reclaimed areas (landfills, Industrial areas, closed cemetery).
It is necessary to offer priority conditions for pedestrian traffic and alternative modes of transport in front of an individual car and the public transport that exists today.
Suggest ideas for the implementation of the first stage: for functional use for 3-4 x fragments of architectural and spatial planning:
- In zone of the river mouth – the seaside area at the intersection of the river and sea embankments, with proposals for organizing pedestrian crossings through transport highways (road, railway) with an approximate area of ___ ha.
- To create a park on Mount Uspenka with an approximate area of ___ ha with the “Alley of the World” in the length of 300-350 m in honor of the XIX World Festival of Youth and Students to accommodate green spaces (150 large trees), urban navigation facilities, a commemorative stele and other park equipment.
- On the formation of the public space of the embankment of the village of Volkovka with an approximate area of ___ ha.
- In the zone of ecological rehabilitation of the quarry territories, an approximate area of ___ ha.
VI. Expected results of the Competition
As a result of the implementation of competitive projects, there should be zones of social activity (living sites), the spaces of which will stimulate local communities to interact, encourage citizens and visitors of different ages and interests to communicate and various types of active activities (physical, intellectual, social, etc.).